Ph.D. International Applicants
A substantial working knowledge of English is essential for admission. Applicants for whom English is not a first language must take the IELTS or TOEFL iBT and have an official score report sent to the Office of Admission. A minimum score for IELTS is 7.0. A minimum score for the TOEFL iBT is 94 and must meet a minimum high score in each test area: Reading (22 minimum); Listening (22 minimum); Speaking (26 minimum); and Writing (24 minimum). The IELTS/TOEFL requirement may be waived by the Admission Committee if English has been the primary language spoken in the home and at school. The school reserves the right to require the IELTS/TOEFL of any applicant whose first language is not English.